Production Methods

1. Job, batch and flow production


Production is about creating goods and services. 
Managers have to decide on the most efficient way of organising production for their particular product.

There are three main types of production to choose from:

1.1. 作业生产(Job production)

Job production where items are made individually and each item is finished before the next one is started. 
Designer dresses are made using the job production method.

1.2. 批量生产(Batch production)

Batch production where groups of items are made together. Each batch is finished before starting the next block of goods. For example, a baker first produces a batch of 50 white loaves. Only after they are completed will he or she start baking 50 loaves of brown bread.

1.3. 流水线生产(Flow production)

Flow production where identical, standardised items are produced on an assembly line. Most cars are mass-produced in large factories using conveyor belts and expensive machinery such as robot arms. Workers have specialised jobs, for instance, fitting wheels.

2. Choosing a production method




Flow production is used to mass produce everyday standardised (all the same) items such as soap powder and canned drinks. Economies of scale lead to lower unit costs and prices. Not many small manufacturers can afford the investment needed to mass produce goods. They instead opt for either batch or job production.



Flow production offers economies of scale and low costs for a one-size-fits-all product.

3. 相关名词

4. Reference


MainWiki: Production_Methods (last edited 2014-05-19 19:46:32 by twotwo)